An Analytical Study of Illegal Migration with Special Reference to Assam

Publication Information

Journal Title: Indian Politics & Law Review
Author(s): Mrinal Sarma
Published On: 14/03/2022
Volume: 7
First Page: 22
Last Page: 32
ISSN: 2581-7086
Publisher: The Law Brigade Publisher

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Mrinal Sarma, An Analytical Study of Illegal Migration with Special Reference to Assam, Volume 7, Indian Politics & Law Review, 22-32, Published on 14/03/2022, Available at


Migration is a constant global phenomenon, which is as old as civilization is. Since times immemorial, people worldwide are on a move for various reason and purpose. In search of economic gain, better condition of living, security, poverty alleviation, and educational opportunities etc. people moves from one area to another area, which was not a problem before the creation of the artificial boundaries of states. However, after the creation of modern states the movement of people from one place to another has become problematic due to because of limited resources of the states. This global phenomenon has its implication in India too. The North East Indian states particularly Assam is a bad victim of illegal migration from its neighboring country. Assam is situated in the northeast of India- bordering seven states and two countries viz. Bangladesh and Bhutan. The large volume of influx of migrants have modified the population structure of Assam in respect of ethno-religious composition, occupation structure etc. and host of associated population problems in changing socio-political disturbances. It has posing a serious threat to Assam in many ways namely security, economic, demographic etc. It adversely affects the social, economic and political environment of Assam. This paper is an attempt to look into the overall problem of illegal migration and remedies of the problems.

Keywords: Migration, Population, Demography

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